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Thuong Temple in Thuy Van village

Thursday, 2017-11-09 10:26:32
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Thuong Temple still preserves the ancient and pristine features.

PTO - Thuy Van commune, Viet Tri city has a long history with many temples, pagodas, especially Thuong temple – a relic of the Hung King dynasty. Thuong Temple was built around the end of the 19th century, on Bo Nghe hill, Cam Doi village. The temple is to worship the three generals i.e. Quy Minh, Bach Thach of the 18th Hung King and Dong Hai Dai Vuong of the Ly Dynasty.

According to the legend, Quy Minh and Cao Son were twins with unusual appearance and strength. They were both scholars and warriors, handsome and intelligent as well. Their parents died when they were 18 years old. Three years after their parents’ funeral, they moved to Son Tay. Heard about their arrival, Tan Son Mountain Saint invited Quy Minh for making friends.

During the 18th Hung King revolted Thuc Phan troops. Tan Vien Mountain Saint was appointed by the King to lead the army to fight the enemy. Receiving the mission, Tan Vien Mountain Saint recommended Cao Son and Quy Minh to go together with him to the battle to protect the border. Quy Minh was ordained the army general, leading the army to Cam Doi village. His troops told him that there was a sacred shrine in the village, and that night he went to the temple for praying. In his dream, he saw a fairy in a white dress saying that "Let’s go on to the southwest. When facing the enemy in Da River, someone will be there to help you”. As his troops were few, they were under siege. He suddenly reminded of his last night dream. He raised his face to the sky and saw a fairy standing on the cloud guiding him. He immediately let the troops clear the way and then repeatedly counterattacked to defeat the enemy.

Later, in memory of his gratitude, the villagers took the third day of lunar January - the day he passed away as the sanctifying day and set up a temple.

In the Ly dynasty, when Tran Thu Do abused his power and plotted to usurp the throne, in Hong Chau, Hai Hung there was a disapprover named Dong Hai, who led some commanders and troops to fight against Tran Thu Do. From Thang Long capital, he moved to Hung King fatherland and stationed in Cam Doi village. Heard about the story of such a sacred temple, he also made a dream praying and was advised by a fairy. Following the fairy’s advice, he led the troops downstream to fight Tran Thu Do's troops and contended tens of years. Although he could not save when the dynasty was declining, thanks to his immense valor, after his death the villagers still set up ancestral tablets together with statues of him and Quy Minh for worship.

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The new entrance was built in 2016 to form a closed campus.

Mr. Ta Phu De, Head of the Thuong (Upper) Temple Management Board said: "In the years before the August Revolution in 1945, every year, people usually hold a banquet in the Upper Temple on January 3, and the third day of the lunar March is the chicken feast. People from every part of the country gather here to show their tribute to the predecessors who have been defending the country."

Thuong (Upper) Temple was built to view the southwest direction and followed the Nhat (-) shaped structure, consisting of 5 chapels, with 4 rows of wooden columns with a total of 24 columns. The floor was paved by Bat Trang bricks and the roof was covered by Cau River tiles. Through many ups and downs of the history, the temple has been degraded, restored and repaired many times. The temple still retains 5 ordination orders of the Nguyen dynasty. In 1964, Thuong (Upper) Temple was recognized as a provincial cultural and historical monument.

Thanh Tra

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