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Van Luong Temple’s Legend

Thursday, 2018-10-11 18:11:03
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Van Luong temple was built in the 18th century, with architechture according to symbol of word “Dinh”.

PTO- Van Luong Temple is located in Group 7, Van Phu Ward, Viet Tri City. It was built in the Later Le Dynasty (18th century) and restored in the Nguyen Dynasty (19th century). Van Luong Temple is to worship three Hung Kings, namely Cao Son, At Son and Vien Son, together with two tutelary gods, namely Phuc Long and Hao Long. The temple was built in the 18th century, with architechture according to symbol of word “Dinh”.
According to the legend, Dot Ngot Cao Son King whose taboo name was Bao Quan Long, founded our country and named it Van Lang. The capital was set up in Bach Hac - the river confluence where 18 generations of Hung Kings were born to succeed to the throne. 
In the reign of the 18th King Hung Due, his sixth royal concubine was delegated to take along some servants to this land, setting up the village named Van Long, teaching residents to grow rice, raise silkworms and weave fabrics. Van Long Village at that time had three zones in which the zone for planting mulberry is called Go Dau (Mulberry Mound), the zone for planting tea is called Huong Tra (Tea Scent) and the other is called Trong Bong (Cotton Plant).
The royal family annals said, the first two families to set up the village were Nguyen and Le, who built a small bamboo temple in the Trong Bong Zone for commemoration of the 18th Hung King.
In 1919, the elderly in the village supposed that the name of Van Long means clouds and dragons, which sometimes converge but sometimes disappear, not bringing in good luck. So, they submitted an application for changing the name of the village into Phuc Lam


The temple has remarkably been deteriorated and damaged...

In 1921, the King’s special envoy Hoang Cao Khai came to the village to review the history of the village and the temple. He realized that it was associated with the 18th Hung King, so he did not approve renaming but allow replacing the word Long by Lung. Long time away, the Lung was mistakenly pronounced into Luong. So far, the villagers have been got familiar with the name Van Luong Temple.
In 1992, the temple was recognized as a provincial cultural relic. On December 18, 2009, the temple was honored by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism as a historical monument: National Artistic Architecture.
In the protracted resistance war against the French colonialism, Van Luong Temple’s yard was the place for seeing off young men to the army and the gang of conscripted laborers to depart for their services in Dien Bien Campaign. From past to present, the temple yard is home to hundreds of crowded and noisy festivals. Closely associated with Van Luong Temple is the "cuop bong nem chai" festival held on the 03rd day of January every year, which depicts the story of Hung King and villagers seeing Tan Vien Saint to the mountain.


The columns are worm-eaten, the walls are wet peeled off and the tile roofs are collapsed.

Over many years of rain or shine and war, the temple was restored in 1821 and underwent major repairs in 1939. However, so far, the temple has remarkably been deteriorated and damaged. The columns are worm-eaten, the walls are wet peeled off and the tile roofs are collapsed.
Mr. Nguyen Quoc Tuan - Chairman of Van Phu Ward People’s Committee said: Due to limited budget, we cannot conduct restoration of Van Luong Temple. In 2019, we are focusing on mobilizing socialization funds for repair and expansion of the temple, in order to uphold the annual "cuop bong nem chai" festival.
Maintaining and organizing Van Luong Temple Festival is aimed at not only propagandizing, introducing and promoting tourism potential of Viet Tri City, but also educating about the tradition, history, culture and beautiful customs of the Fatherland. It will bring opportunities for businesses to exchange and cooperate in investments, contributing to preservation and promotion of the values of the relic.


Van Luong Temple Gate is maintained its ancient beauty over time.

Thanh Tra